As of 2016, satellite communications accounted for 49% of the operational satellite market with 35% coming from the commercial sector. Additionally, communications satellites accounted for 22% of the overall satellite revenue for the year 2016. From a military perspective, space communications ensures effective transmission of information to and from the warfighter. The Air Force is looking for a suite of options to augment, supplement, backup, complement, and/or improve current space communications capabilities. Solutions may be ground-based or space-borne and involve some combination of hardware devices, software, data products, algorithms, or services. These solutions need to demonstrate commercial viability to ensure an efficient evolution through development to respond to rapidly evolving technologies. It is not required that all of these capabilities come in one product or solution, but it is necessary that any solution that solves part of the space communications problem be able to integrate well with other existing and potential solutions. Rather than creating stove-piped solutions, the Air Force and DoD are interested in having existing and emerging space assets be integrated into a resilient multi-domain network. This problem will have both architectural and technology solutions. Architectural solutions include the incorporation of commercial capabilities to conduct C2 and transport data. Technology solutions are needed to guard against space-specific threats. Current space communications challenges include but are not limited to robust/cybersecure communications networking solutions, interoperability among existing comm solutions, jam-resistant technology, band exploitation, and solutions for low-likelihood of interception/detection.